World Toilet Day: Non-availability of washrooms doubles the woes of flood victims


World Toilet Day is being celebrated around the world today, the United Nations has declared the provision of a toilet for everyone in the world as one of the universal human rights.

World Toilet Day was started in 2013 to raise awareness that a safe and regular toilet is essential for maintaining good hygiene. Its unavailability or unsafe presence causes various diseases in children and adults.

How important the existence of the toilet is to human civilization, can be gauged from the fact that over the last 200 years, toilet facilities have added 20 years to the average human lifespan.

In 2015, the United Nations declared the provision of a toilet for every person as one of the universal human rights, however, according to the World Health Organization, even in the 21st century, more than 3 billion people around the world are deprived of basic toilet facilities.

There are more than 2 billion people worldwide who do not have access to a proper toilet or handwashing facility, i.e. 1 in 3 people, while more than 1 billion people are forced to defecate in the open.

Due to this poor sanitation system, 700 children under the age of 5 die every day from diarrhoea, diarrhea and typhoid worldwide.

Toilet use in Pakistan

According to Water Aid, an international organization working for health and sanitation, currently more than 16 million people in Pakistan are deprived of toilet facilities and are forced to defecate in the open.

According to Water Aid, a large number of them are women and children.

According to UNICEF, 110 children under the age of 5 die every day due to diarrhea, diarrhea, typhoid and other similar diseases due to poor sanitation and dirty water in Pakistan.

The situation worsened in the flood affected areas

The floods in Pakistan this year have affected 33 million people, millions of people have been displaced and forced to live in relief camps.

Due to non-availability of proper toilets in these campuses, sanitation is very poor and epidemics are rampant in relief camps.

In most of the campuses people are forced to defecate in the open causing pollution in the campus resulting in overcrowded, sick and malnourished flood victims suffering from diarrhoea, typhoid, rash and respiratory diseases and other diseases.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared this situation as a medical emergency and appealed to the international community to help Pakistan to improve its health facilities.


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